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Sure it was fun asking "Who's your daddy?" and getting a different reply based on the gender of the speaker, or asking Siri what (s)he's wearing and getting an appropriately evasive answer. Buy Vermox from canada,  But my real aha moment came when I got an email from a friend suggesting we chat next week sometime.  Normally this kind of thing would either clutter my inbox until I created an appointment in my calendar or next Friday rolled around and I realized I hadn't responded in a socially appropriate timeframe, buy Vermox without a prescription. Buy cheap Vermox no rx,  I was curious how Siri would handle the request, "Remind me to call Mark on Wednesday", Vermox images. Vermox pictures,  Not only did it repeat back my request verbatim, but it created a reminder for 9am on Wednesday using a new Reminder App bundled with iPhone that I didn't know about, Vermox mg.  Most importantly, it gave me a very real peace of mind and reduction of anxiety that I haven't been able to get from any of the dozens of productivity apps or systems I've tried, like Evernote and Omnifocus, Buy Vermox Without Prescription. About Vermox, This Quora article outlines the significance of Siri's great leap forward for AI, pointing out that voice represents the "4th interface" for human-computer interaction (the first three being keyboard, doses Vermox work, Vermox over the counter, mouse and gestures).  The real key though is that Siri actually does things of practical value for a mass audience, ordering Vermox online. Where can i buy cheapest Vermox online,  In other words, Siri helps you get things done that you want done, order Vermox from mexican pharmacy. Buy Vermox online no prescription,  This is new. Buy Vermox Without Prescription,  And huge.  And just the tip of the iceberg, Vermox wiki. Order Vermox online c.o.d, The article ends with a suggestion that we should start thinking about new uses for the technology because eventually there will be an API that allows app developers to make use of the power of voice interaction.  This fact is inevitable, Vermox from canada, Vermox online cod, even if Apple and Siri are not the ones that will do it.  The AI genie is coming out of the bottle, Vermox trusted pharmacy reviews.

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* Syntax refers to the form of a sentence, Vermox cost, i.e. what words are being used and do they follow the rules of grammar.  Semantics refers to the literal meaning of the sentence (e.g. "Does anyone know what time it is?") while pragmatics refer to the underlying intent of the speaker (e.g. that the speaker wants you to tell them what time it is, not whether there exists someone who knows the time).

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Celebrex For Sale, Based on an informal assessment and polling I've done recently, here's what we fear:

  • Identity


      • Death / Pain / Insignificance


      • Self-Exploration / Failure / Change


      • Being Found Out / Self-Expression / Lying

  • Control


      • Power / Anticipation / Fear-Itself

    • OTHERS

      • Intimacy / Just Doing It / (Lack of) Freedom


      • Disaster / Crisis / Unknown-Unknowns

  • Authority

    • RIGHTS

      • Being Unworthy / Unmet Expectation / Meaninglessness


      • Unfairness / Inequality / Injustice

    • RULES

      • Doing it Wrong / Shame / Guilt

Each of us has a unique profile of what fear is depending on how we related to various value dimensions (intrinsic, extrinsic and systemic).  For me the scariest are: (1) Unknown-Unknowns (2)  Power (3) Being Wrong (4) Self-Expression (5) Injustice

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I used to believe that what a Representative does is to act and react as if they were the one being represented, generic Biaxin. Cheap Biaxin,  I felt like my job was to get inside their head, and channel them, comprar en línea Biaxin, comprar Biaxin baratos, Biaxin for sale, sort of like a medium or a conduit.  The problem with this though is it always ends badly, buy Biaxin without a prescription. Online buy Biaxin without a prescription,  Why. Biaxin For Sale,  Because it's an impossible job.

Nobody can speak for you, buy Biaxin no prescription, Biaxin duration, as if they were you.  Sure, Biaxin interactions, No prescription Biaxin online, if you know one another really, really well, buy Biaxin online cod, Biaxin images, then at times it can seem as though they read your mind, know what's in your heart, is Biaxin safe. Order Biaxin online overnight delivery no prescription,  But the times I have been most frustrated in any relationship is when the other person believes and acts as if they know what I want, what I value, my Biaxin experience, Biaxin recreational, but they really don't.  It's also frustrating when the other person is so unsure of what I want or believe that they ask me a million questions, where to buy Biaxin, Get Biaxin, or do nothing because they fear being wrong.

So how to do the impossible job well, Biaxin For Sale.  The realization I had is that a true Representative, Biaxin samples, Where can i cheapest Biaxin online, a good Representative, is someone has agreed to take responsibility for a pre-determined, Biaxin photos, Biaxin use, mutually agreed upon, finite set of roles, Biaxin no rx, Low dose Biaxin, decisions and actions on behalf of the represented.  Not "as if", buying Biaxin online over the counter, Where can i order Biaxin without prescription, but "for".  The difference is subtle, buy cheap Biaxin no rx, Buy Biaxin from mexico, but profound.

When you act for me, Biaxin blogs, Order Biaxin no prescription, you don't ask yourself what I would do in that circumstance; you do what you know is best for me. Biaxin For Sale,  It just so happens that I have already agreed that whatever you choose to do, I trust that is in my best interest.  Part of that trust, buy generic Biaxin, Biaxin samples, is knowing that I may not agree with your decisions or understand how they are good for me.  In fact, is Biaxin safe, My Biaxin experience, it's guaranteed that there will be some part of your decisions on my behalf that I will feel are wrong -- after all, I'm not YOU, Biaxin steet value, Biaxin dose, I can't fully understand what's in your heart or mind.

I used to think that to be a good Representative I had to make good decisions for those I represent.  Now I realize that as long as I follow what I know to be right in my heart, it's a good decision by definition.  Because the word "good" cannot apply to my decisions on your behalf; it can only apply to your decision to ask me to represent you, and my decision to accept.

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On Tuesday I went on Annie Duke's internet TV show Female Pink Viagra For Sale, to talk with her and Jason Calacanis about Wikileaks and what the implications are for the future of privacy.  I made some radical claims:

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  2. In a radically transparent society, online buying Female Pink Viagra, Female Pink Viagra no rx, personal willingness to share everything is a source of power/wealth; unwillingness is a personal liability.

  3. In a world with strong privacy rights, the exact opposite is true.

  4. We're all better off in a radically transparent world than one with strong privacy rights; this is true whether you look at the individual, Female Pink Viagra dosage, Buying Female Pink Viagra online over the counter, the corporation, or the sovereign nation.

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  7. In the mean time, as the walls of privacy come down, herbal Female Pink Viagra, Where to buy Female Pink Viagra, we will see great turmoil; power is shifting.

  8. Part of that turmoil involves true ethical dilemmas, as the Wikileaks controversy is demonstrating.

  9. Privacy is dead; this is not something we can choose to stop, Female Pink Viagra alternatives, Female Pink Viagra coupon, the trend is as unstoppable as technology itself.

  10. Those who embrace the trend and stay just one step ahead will benefit; those who resist will suffer (like diplomats), as will those who get too far out ahead (like Julian Assange).

I'm curious what you all think, buy Female Pink Viagra without a prescription. Order Female Pink Viagra no prescription,  Here's the interview, we start discussing these matters around minute 28:

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Buy Wellbutrin SR Without Prescription, The wind was flapping a temple flag. Two monks were arguing about it. One said the flag was moving; the other said the wind was moving, what is Wellbutrin SR. Arguing back and forth they could come to no agreement.  The Sixth Patriarch said, Wellbutrin SR from canada, "It is neither the wind nor the flag that is moving. It is your mind that is moving." -- Zen Koan

“The belief in an external world independent of the perceiving subject is the basis of all natural science.” -- Albert Einstein

Does a whirlpool exist in the same way that a rock exists or that energy from the sun exists.  For something to exist it either has to have always existed, or there must have been a time prior to its existence.  Leaving for a moment the possibility that everything which exists today has always existed, let's consider that it came into being at some point, Buy Wellbutrin SR Without Prescription.

If something came into being, online buying Wellbutrin SR hcl, then not only must there have been a point in time prior to its existence, Where can i buy cheapest Wellbutrin SR online, but there must have been a point after which it begins to exist.  These two points don't necessarily need to be the same.  If I make dinner -- a rare occasion to be sure -- then there is a period of time during which I'm in the process of making dinner.  Before that period started, my dinner did not exist.  After I fished making it, my dinner existed.  We could argue over whether existence is therefore better understood as a continuum (does dinner exist while I'm in the process of making it?) but let's assume for a moment that it's not.  That dinner either exists or it doesn't.  Certainly it's the case that the rock I am sitting on right now either exists or it doesn't.  I'm going to assume the latter for now, generic Wellbutrin SR.

Let's talk about creation for a moment.  When we say that something was created we often times are implying that there was a creator of some sort.  Maybe not a human or deity, Purchase Wellbutrin SR for sale, but that there was an entity of some sort that had the intention of bringing that thing into existence.  Clearly there are things that get created that don't have an intentional creator.  Take for example an oil spill or a planet.

So to recap, Wellbutrin SR street price, we will be talking about the existence (or not) of various things, Where can i order Wellbutrin SR without prescription, and we will use the terms "creation" and "created" simply to refer to the notion that for something to exist, there needs to have been a creation process of some sort: human, devine or otherwise, fast shipping Wellbutrin SR. Buy Wellbutrin SR Without Prescription, Consider for a moment a particular pattern in a Persian rug.  Or the pattern of the Statue of Liberty.  Both have been replicated many times, but there is still the question of whether the pattern itself has existence independent of the physical manifestations that it takes.  Let's not attempt to answer that right now, but rather let's assume that patterns exist as first class citizens in the universe, and see what that assumption implies.

For a particular pattern to exist, Buy Wellbutrin SR online cod, it either always existed, or it was created at some point in time (or during some time period).  I think we can all agree that the pattern of the Statue of Liberty was created (that is, it did not always exist).  The notion that it has always existed (while ultimately it may have some merit) is too philosophical for our current purposes, Wellbutrin SR without a prescription.

What about ceasing to exist?  Is it possible that a pattern, Is Wellbutrin SR safe, once created, can cease to exist?  Again, quite philosophical, Wellbutrin SR blogs, but let's take the harder path and assume that if all instances of a pattern cease to exist in the universe, Wellbutrin SR online cod, then the pattern ceases to exist as well.  It may come back into existence sometime in the future; it may not.

Now back to that whirlpool.  It's fair to say that there exists a pattern for it that we notice from time to time instantiated elsewhere: other whirlpools of course, but also tornados, Wellbutrin SR cost, hurricanes, Comprar en línea Wellbutrin SR, comprar Wellbutrin SR baratos, eddies in streams, even gravity wells created by stars.  We have a technical name for this pattern, we call it a vortex, Wellbutrin SR steet value.

Vortices belong to a class of patterns that, Wellbutrin SR canada, mexico, india, once initiated are self-sustaining.  They need a flow of energy (such as the pull of gravity) to sustain indefinitely, but the structure of the pattern is such that less energy is required to sustain it than to create it in the first place.  The energy is channeled by the pattern in a cycle so that only a fraction is lost during one orbit.  The cyclical structure is the key to a self-sustaining pattern.

Not all patterns are self-sustaining of course.  Clouds form and dissipate without much in the way of a sustained, coherent pattern.  The fact that we can identify individual clouds suggests that there is some degree of self-sustenance.  But it's fair to say that if there were a measure of self-sustenance, clouds would rank lower than vortices, Buy Wellbutrin SR Without Prescription.

And if there is a pattern to life, Wellbutrin SR pharmacy, then certainly self-sustenance is one of its properties.  And certainly life forms would measure higher on that scale than either clouds or vortices. Herbal Wellbutrin SR, Living things have other, related properties as well: self-repair, self-defense, Wellbutrin SR interactions, self-replication, Buy Wellbutrin SR no prescription, self-representation....  This latter property is interesting because it is the basis for (among other things) genes and cognition.  Somewhere on the spectrum of self-* properties lies self-awareness and self-consciousness.  Maybe not all living things exhibit these higher order self-* properties, but some of us do.

Are there certain patterns that, online buy Wellbutrin SR without a prescription, in addition to being self-sustaining are also self-creating?  It's an interesting question because how would we distinguish self-creation from random chance?  Given a long enough time period and random fluctuations of energy and matter, Wellbutrin SR photos, there are bound to appear patterns that just so happen (by pure chance) to be self-sustaining.  And if you view the universe as a place where matter and energy interplay in an increasingly random way -- which is to say that entropy increases as time goes on -- then you could rationally assert that within the universe there are patterns that self-create.

But even if you didn't want to go that far, there is something very important about self-sustaining patterns no matter how they were created.  Namely, is Wellbutrin SR addictive, that they define a boundary between self and environment that simpler patterns do not.  I need to unpack that statement a bit for it to make sense. Buy Wellbutrin SR Without Prescription, How do we know that a pattern is indeed a pattern?  Simply because we observe a sameness about some aspect of our reality that persists for some noticeable time.  This is a basic definition of pattern.  But for us to observe the pattern there must be something doing the observing, namely us.  But what if there were nothing doing the observing, would the pattern exist just the same. Wellbutrin SR class, Robert Lanza makes a good case against existence without observation.  Talking about of the proverbial tree falling in the forrest, he observes,

If someone is nearby, real brand Wellbutrin SR online, the air puffs physically cause the ear's tympanic membrane (eardrum) to vibrate, Where to buy Wellbutrin SR, which then stimulates nerves only if the air is pulsing between 20 and 20,000 times a second....  Air that puffs 15 times a second is not intrinsically different from air that pulses 30 times, the the former will never result in a human perception of sound....  [N]erves stimulated by the moving eardrum send electrical signals to a section of the brain, online buying Wellbutrin SR, resulting in the cognition of a noise.  This experience, Wellbutrin SR pictures, then, is inarguably symbiotic.  The pulses of air by themselves do not constitute any sort of sound.... [A]n observer, Wellbutrin SR long term, an ear, Buy Wellbutrin SR from canada, and a brain are every bit as necessary for the experience of a sound as are the air pulses.

You might be tempted to say that there's a pattern to the air puffs that are intrinsic, that doesn't require observation to exist.  But that is not so clear if you start digging into the physiology:
...neither electricity nor magnetism have visual properties.... there is nothing inherently visual, buy cheap Wellbutrin SR, nothing bright or colored about that candle flame.  Now let these same invisible electromagnetic waves strike a human retina, Wellbutrin SR dose, and if (and only if) the waves each happen to measure between 400 and 700 nanometers in length from crest, then their energy is just right to deliver a stimulus to the 8 million cone-shaped cells in the retina.  Each in turn sends an electrical pulse to a neighbor neuron, and up the line this goes, buy generic Wellbutrin SR, at 250 mph, About Wellbutrin SR, until it reaches the warm, wet occipital lobe of the brain, in the back of the head.  There, Wellbutrin SR results, a cascading complex of neurons fire from the incoming stimuli, Where can i find Wellbutrin SR online, and we subjectively perceive this experience as yellow brightness occurring in a place we have been conditioned to call "the external world."  Other creatures receiving the identical stimulus will experience something altogether different, such as a perception of gray, or even have an entirely dissimilar sensation.

Or none at all, Wellbutrin SR over the counter, I might add. Wellbutrin SR mg,  Lanza goes on....
What about if you touch something?  Isn't it solid?  Push on the trunk of the fallen tree and you feel pressure.  But this too is a sensation strictly inside your brain and only "projected" to your fingers, whose existence also lies within the mind.  Moreover, that sensation of pressure is caused not by any contact with a solid, but by the fact that every atom has negatively charged electrons in its outer shells.  As we all know, charges of the same type repel each other, so the bark's electrons repel yours, and you feel this electrical repulsive force stopping your fingers from penetrating any further.  Nothing solid ever meets any other solids when you push on a tree.  The atoms in your fingers are each as empty as a vacant football stadium in which a single fly sits on the fifty-yard line.  If we needed solids to stop us (rather than energy fields), our fingers could easily penetrate the tree as if we were swiping at fog.

What Lanza is saying, in other words, is that the pattern isn't somewhere "out there", rather it exists in our minds.  To be sure, the pattern is "symbiotic" requiring both observer and observed.  But it's fair to question how much of the pattern is in our mind verses out there in the world.  After all, the pattern of solidity seems pretty discordant with the stadium sized gaps and electrical impulses that physical reality holds, Buy Wellbutrin SR Without Prescription.

Probing further still, let's assume we are talking only about the part of the pattern that is "out there" in the universe, not in our minds.  We can ask the question, in the physical manifestation of the pattern, where does it begin and where does it end?  What's not included in the pattern.  What can be considered considered external environment or noise.

Let's take for example a particular rock.  That rock is made up of many molecules that have bonded together and remain so for a long period of time.  Long enough that we recognize the pattern in nature and say to one another, "rock" without much ambiguity or miscommunication.  But it's also true that the rock was once part of a larger physical structure (a mountain perhaps) in which it would have been difficult, if not impossible, for any observer to distinguish it from its environment.  This is problematic because that very same pattern of molecules that we called "rock" existed when the rock was part of the mountain.  And at some time in the future our rock will erode and break apart to the point where we all would agree that it's no longer a rock, let alone our same rock.

It's a natural human tendency to want to believe that there is something fishy about observer-dependence.  We all have this intuitive sense that whether or not there is an observer to notice the rock cleave from the mountain and persist for some millions of years before becoming so much sand, that the rock does indeed exist.  That the pattern is real, independent of an observer. Buy Wellbutrin SR Without Prescription, If this intuitive sense is true, then I propose the reason it is true is because of the odd property of patterns that they can be self-sustaining.  In the case of the whirlpool, the matter and energy flow in a spiral, which has a large cyclical component to it.  This cycle divides the world between the matter/energy that is part of the pattern and that which is outside the pattern.

If you are not convinced then try to come up with a pattern that doesn't have a cycle of some sort.  I think you will come to see that the very essence of a pattern is that which is cyclical about it, that which repeats.  After all, without repetition, there is no pattern, there's just randomness.  Randomness.  Randomness.

The Anthropic Principle suggests that randomness is inherent in the universe, and through randomness (and natural selection) there eventually appear observers (namely us) who notice patterns.

But what if in reality, patterns comes first, Buy Wellbutrin SR Without Prescription.

Maybe randomness is the fiction, a model of reality that allows us to get on with things, but isn't ever purely manifested in the universe.

Maybe everything -- even quantum particles and forces -- is interconnected in some way, if only indirectly.

And if that were the case, then the way in which everything interconnects might form a pattern.

There are a growing number of scientists who believe this to be the case.  That the universe is fundamentally different than we've supposed for a while.  That rather than being comprised of energy and matter, that the universe at its most basic level is a pattern.  And the pattern is... Life Buy Wellbutrin SR Without Prescription, .

In this biocentric worldview, the universe and everything in it is a living process, a pattern if you will.  Even atoms and molecules are manifestations of this pattern.  That which was once considered inert and lifeless, according to biocentrism, is in fact just as alive as you and I are.  The trick to seeing the pattern is to view what's going on at a high enough level of abstraction.


The trick is to forget the idea that there is a distinction between that which exists in the universe and that which we observe.


The trick is to start with the idea that all matter and energy is self-creating.


In a subsequent post I will review the evidence put forth by a couple of biocentric thinkers.  If you are with me this far, I think you will be persuaded to look for the pattern.

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Buy Nexium Without Prescription, As readers of my blog posts know, I talk a lot about evolutionary systems, the formal structure of cooperation, the role of both in emergence of new levels of complexity, and I sometimes use cellular automata to make points about all these things and the reification of useful models (here's a summary of how they all relate). Buy Nexium without a prescription,  I've also touched on this "thing" going on with the system of life on Earth that is related to technological singularity but really is the emergence or (or convergence) of an entirely new form of intelligence/life/collective consciousness/cultural agency, above the level of human existence, Nexium dangers. Online buy Nexium without a prescription, [caption id="" align="alignnone" width="500" caption="From The Chaos Point. Reproduced with permission from the author."][/caption]

In a convergence of a different sort, Nexium dosage, Nexium trusted pharmacy reviews, many of these threads which all come together and interrelate in my own mind, came together in various conversations and talks within the last 15 hours, Nexium from mexico. Nexium wiki,  And while it's impossible to explain this all in details, it's really exciting to find other people who are on the same wavelength and have thought a lot harder on each of the pieces than I have, where can i buy Nexium online.  Just to give you a taste, here are the human players in this personal convergence and how they relate to the above themes:

Kevin Carpenter: Heard him first talk at LA Idea Project on the concept of Convergence and how it's critically different than Kurzweilian Singularity and much more similar to Superorganism, Buy Nexium Without Prescription. Nexium mg,  Ran into him again at a party last night and he was excited to have given more cogent shape to his thinking in this area.

Steve Omohundro: I went to check out the H+ Summit this morning and he was speaking matter-of-factly on so many areas of interest and dropping research-backed evidence to support all of this pontification, purchase Nexium online no prescription. Cheap Nexium no rx,  While the details aren't in this slide presentation, you should glance through it anyway, purchase Nexium for sale, Effects of Nexium, especially if you have been intrigued at all about things that I've written about.

Dan Miler: Spoke right after Omohundro on cellular automata and simulation, Nexium without prescription, Nexium description, and the metaphor/paradigm of digital physics. Buy Nexium Without Prescription,  He highlighted several projects by other people which are shedding light on deep universal structure, including the work of Alex Lamb.  Lamb has built the first (as far as I know) cellular automata system based on irregular latices (i.e, japan, craiglist, ebay, overseas, paypal. Where can i buy cheapest Nexium online, arbitrary network structures).  Just like in Conway's Game of Life -- the most well-known cellular automaton -- there emerge persistent dynamic patterns similar to gliders:


Here are more examples from the Jellyfish system, herbal Nexium. Nexium brand name, What intrigues me most about this is that the brain is a nonregular lattice (by definition all networks are).  Neuronal firing patterns are (that is to say, cognition is) computationally isomorphic to cellular automata on nonregular lattices, Buy Nexium Without Prescription.  The jellyfish patterns seen in Lamb's simulations are exactly what I would imagine to exist in the brain, Nexium without prescription. Nexium used for,  These would be the semi-autonomous interacting -- sometimes cooperating, sometimes conflicting -- agents that Omohundro refers to as being the basis of all cognition/intelligence, buy Nexium online no prescription. Nexium interactions,  It's exactly what Minsky was referring to in Society of Mind, and what Palombo referred to in The Emergent Ego, order Nexium no prescription. Nexium mg,  It's also the basis of crowd wisdom or collective intelligence.

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This is a followup to Ben's post on Human Cultural Transformation Triggered by Dense Populations Seroquel For Sale, . Comprar en línea Seroquel, comprar Seroquel baratos,  Too many links for this to be accepted into the comments directly...

In thinking about these questions, it helps me to remind myself of the difference between evolution and emergence, taking Seroquel. Where can i buy Seroquel online, Evolution happens whenever you have a population of agents with heritable variation and differential reproduction rates. There are at least two types of emergence, Seroquel steet value, Order Seroquel online c.o.d, both of which can create new types of agents. Various self-reinforcing mechanisms lead to stronger and more stable agency, doses Seroquel work. We may not even recognize the emergence of nascent agents for what they are until said agency (or coherence) becomes strong enough, Seroquel For Sale. Seroquel trusted pharmacy reviews, For instance, many people have a hard time wrapping their head around cultural agency of any form, Seroquel samples. Australia, uk, us, usa, Obviously none of us on here have a problem with the concept of non-human agency, but as Alex and Ben collectively point out, buy generic Seroquel, Seroquel without prescription, cultural agents depend on human agents for their very existence.  Yet as they become more coherent they inevitably come into conflict with human agency (i.e, my Seroquel experience. Seroquel interactions, what's good for the organization diverges from what's good for its constituents). This is the fundamental yin-yang dynamic of the creation of new levels of organization and complexity, rx free Seroquel. Seroquel from mexico, It is worthwhile asking what the future holds for humanity. This is what Kevin and I were on about in this whole superorganism and singularity thread:

Superorganism and Singularity
Superorganism Considered Harmful
Response to Superorganism Considered Harmful
Superorganism as Terminology
Focusing on Autonomy
Going Meta on Autonomy

Summary is:

  1. we disagree on whether there will be a single overarching Gaia-esque Super-agent on earth or whether there will just be a rich ecology of many interacting "small s" super-agents with no strong "big S" Super-agent

  2. we disagree on how to measure "autonomy" so we can't come to a consensus on what life will be like for humans

  3. we didn't really dive too deeply into the extent and nature of interaction between human agents and super-agents

This last point is interesting to me since it appears from the evidence that as each new level emerges, fast shipping Seroquel, Online buy Seroquel without a prescription, several things happen:

  • communicative interactions between higher level and lower level agents increases

  • level boundaries become less strict so that levels "overlap"

  • the amount of co-evolution between the lower-level population and higher-level population -- i.e. multilevel evolution -- also increases

To make this claim more concrete, Seroquel long term, Purchase Seroquel online, compare for instance the difference (in the above regards) between these three dyadic systems:

A) atom --> molecule

B) cellular organism --> multicellular organism

C) human --> corporation

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One of the hidden themes of The Feast this past week has been how to scale successful social ventures.  This has been on my mind a lot recently as I have been working informally with both  Vermox For Sale, Self Enhancement, Inc. (SEI) and Decision Education Foundation (DEF) on this puzzle.  SEI is extremely successful in the Portland locale where they began 25+ years ago, achieving 98% high school graduation rate (working against hard socioeconomic realities).  Like with many models that are very successful "in the small", the biggest challenge is to translate that same success to larger scales (e.g. all across America, Vermox dangers, Japan, craiglist, ebay, overseas, paypal, or all around the world).  DEF is attempting to build scalability into its model from the start, and has found that this is extremely challenging, Vermox description. Buy Vermox from mexico, In thinking about this I am reminded about a duet of innovators who spoke at the Pop!Tech conference last year about scaling.  Both Bunker Roy and Paul Polack have some profound lessons to teach us about scalability.  You will learn these lessons by watching Roy talk about Barefoot College and by watching Polack talk about his Out of Poverty approach (also see and  But despite all of the incredible wisdom to be gleaned from observing how Roy and Polack achieve scale, I've been wondering about how their success can be translated to other realms, order Vermox from United States pharmacy. Discount Vermox,


In creating a general theory of scalability, I think there is a key conceptual anchor from Susan Backmore's TED talk on the third replicator.  Now, Vermox treatment, Taking Vermox, I have to pause here because as simple and great as the universal Darwinism principle is, I know from conversations that many people have a really hard viewing evolution in non-biological systems as anything more than a good metaphor.  It's hard for most people to see that "true evolution" -- the kind that Darwin was talking about -- is actually what is happening in these non-biological systems.  I will address this in detail in a later post, Vermox dosage, Vermox cost, but ask that you indulge me for the time being so that we can talk about replicators.

When we talk about scaling sociotechnical systems, online buy Vermox without a prescription, Buy Vermox without prescription, really we're talking about one of two things: either growing the original system to handle "more", or replicating the original system (or enabling it to replicate itself) with appropriate variation for the new context.  Growth models are the more familiar and comforting to governments and policy makers for reasons that should be obvious to anyone who has noticed how scared these types get when faced with systems that scale via replicators.  Formal organizations (corporations, fast shipping Vermox, Vermox pharmacy, non-profits, governments, where to buy Vermox, After Vermox, anything with a legal structure or formal set of rules) are growers; networks of cooperating agents (open source software, social change movements, what is Vermox, Order Vermox no prescription, revolutionaries, anything that is formed in a grass-roots / bottom-up manner) are replicators, Vermox reviews.

I am not here to argue that either type of system is dispensable, indeed they are both essential.  I will leave it as an unproven conjecture that we are at a point in history wherein the ecology of sociotechnical systems is dominated by growers that are straining and stretching to the edges of their dynamic range, Vermox For Sale. Vermox australia, uk, us, usa,  Societal edifices are crumbling under their own weight, and are thus vulnerable to subversion by an algal bloom of replicators in their midst.  For those that want the argument and evidence, Vermox schedule, Vermox price, coupon, go read The Chaos Point by the grandfather of complex systems theory, Ervin László, where can i find Vermox online. Vermox photos, And I will leave alone in this theory of scalability the entire grower side of the equation.  It's been systematized and refined since at least the days of Machiavelli;  we know it today as management science.  Instead I want to suggest that there is lacking an entire half of the formalization project for a unified theory of scale, Vermox duration, Doses Vermox work, and that's a formal model for scaling via replication.  The reason this formalism has eluded us for so long is the same reason Darwinian evolution is so hotly contested: it requires a fundamentally different way of thinking than the Western analytic tradition is based on.  That's not to say that the complex systems paradigm is not scientific, just that the scientific method as it exists today has not yet incorporated the bottom-up, Vermox use, Where can i order Vermox without prescription, emergent calculus required to be complete.

The first question we must ask is what exactly is being replicated, Vermox recreational, Effects of Vermox, and only then we can ask how that replication is achieved.  Blackmore names three classes of replicators which I would like to refine by pointing out (as she does) that these are really self-replicators.  In her TED talk she observes that biological self-replicators exist (i.e. Vermox For Sale, what we normally refer to as "life"), that mental self-replicators do indeed exist (though most people don't take this notion seriously enough yet), and that technological self-replicators are in the process of being born.  If we think about it though, it is easy to see that certain forms of this third replicator already exist: computer viruses, bot nets (e.g. as are used in DDoS attacks), real brand Vermox online, Buy no prescription Vermox online, digital agents in artificial life simulations and genetic algorithm systems, and others.  What Blackmore was hinting at with the her more restrictive definition of technological self-replicator is one in which the artifact being replicated has a physical form (as opposed to digital information form), where can i cheapest Vermox online. Vermox alternatives, I must digress here for a moment to point out that it is a red herring to try to neatly circumscribe the system being replicated (the "artifact" or agent) from its environment.  In reality there is no such thing as a true self-replicator; there are always some resources or information that is outside the self-replicator that is required for replication to occur.  Neither the chicken nor the egg can recreate itself.  And if you (rightly) view the chicken/egg system as the thing self-replicating, you only need observe that food is also essential (as are many other things) for replication to occur.  Given this truth in the realm of biology, Vermox online cod, Online buying Vermox, is it really so far fetched to view digital cameras self-replicating technological agents, that is replicators of the third kind?  Sure they require humans, low dose Vermox, Vermox pics, manufacturing processes and other technology from their environment to replicate, but I'll reiterate that there are no biological life forms either that are entirely self-replicating.  (This blog post puts an even finer point on it all, about Vermox, Vermox pictures, if you are still not convinced).


The scaling brilliance of Bunker Roy and Paul Polack was hard-won, after many years of solving specific problems at the bottom.  It was only after gaining a deep understanding all of the interacting subsystems was it possible for each of them to engineer an overall system that was scalable via replication.  Looking at various attempts to scale sociotechnical systems, both successful and unsuccessful, a pattern starts to emerge of the key principles and dynamics.  Here are a few:

  • Counterintuitive: Brilliant solutions are only obvious in retrospect.  Crazy. Crazy. Crazy, Vermox For Sale. Obvious.

  • Self-Replicators: It is important to identify the parts of the system that are -- or that can be made to be -- self-replicating.

  • Fecundity: Digital information replicators are more easily replicable than mental constructs (i.e. memes), which are in turn more easily replicable than organizations of humans.

  • Mutation: The more fecund the replicator, the easier it is to co-opt for ulterior motives, and the more likely it is that random variation will throw the overall system off course.

  • Environment: It is easy to mistakenly believe that a prospective environment is suitable for replication when it's not.

  • Side-effects: With any complex dynamic process there are always side-effects. If ignored, this usually leads to collateral damage, but on the flip side there is usually an opportunity to accomplish other goals and turn side-effects into new benefits.

In thinking about how to engineer a system to bring solar electric installations to rural villages around the world, it is counterintuitive to think that poor, illiterate grandmothers (with no formal education and very little social standing in their village) could learn to be solar engineers.  To further think that they could be taught by illiterate trainers (who don't speak the same language) is crazy.  Until Bunker Roy proved it was possible.

Microcredit was crazy too, until Muhammad Yunus proved that it wasn't, and then it was obvious.  So obvious in fact that it became a viral meme and has spread all over the world.  The concept of microcredit is a very fecund self-replicator.  Unfortunately, the practice of microcredit in many places has ignored the nuances of different environmental contexts and unintended side-effects.  Add to that a high mutation rate: the model being tweaked to confer greater benefit to lenders (at the expense of borrowers); the introduction of middlemen who screw up the incentive structure and unwritten social contracts; etc.  The net effect has been that in some areas microcredit has been a net negative to the economy, and especially negative to the borrowers, whom the model was originally designed to help most. Vermox For Sale, Polack's franchise model (an indeed all franchise models) are inherently replicators.  They are also good self-replicators because customers and other locals get exposure to the idea of becoming an entrepreneur themselves. And some of them end up as franchisees.  That is replication.  But to move from solving one problem (e.g. clean drinking water) to solving a very different one (e.g. locally available energy), new technologies that are also "radically affordable" have to be created on a regular basis.  And this type of innovation does not self-replicate.  So Polack created an entirely separate institution, the non-profit R&D lab, specifically to tackle the problem of replicating franchises (i.e. going from an electrochlorinator franchise to a solar concentrator franchise).


With this nascent framework in mind, I'd like to invite you to evaluate some of the social ventures that I encountered at The Feast (and a few of my favorites from Pop!Tech last year) and see if you can predict how scalable their model will be based on the replicator principles above.  And in cases where they have achieved some amount of scale (like charity: water and frontlineSMS), can you explain their success using the theory.

I would love to hear your thoughts, both on the specifics of these ventures, and on the theory of scaling through replication.

Big shout out to the newly formed Brains of Change group whose speakeasy jam session helped crystallize many of these thoughts: Daniela Papi of PEPYTaryn Miller-Stevens of StartingBloc -Daniel Epstein of Unreasonable Institute.  Be sure to follow their sailing trip around Madagascar as part of the #spintheglobe initiative!

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While it seems on the surface that "bad people do bad things" -- i.e, Lipitor mg. After Lipitor, that's how bad things get done, they require a bad person to do them -- renowned Stanford psychology professor, get Lipitor, Lipitor photos, Philip Zimbardo, has a different theory, Lipitor natural, Where to buy Lipitor, which he uses to describe what happened in Abu Ghraib:

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Instead of a tendency towards some kind of theoretical equilibrium, the participants’ views and the actual state of affairs enter into a process of dynamic disequilibrium which may be mutually self-reinforcing at first, moving both thinking and reality in a certain direction, but is bound to become unsustainable in the long run and engender a move in the opposite direction. No prescription Bactrim online, The net result is that neither the participants’ views nor the actual state of affairs returns to the condition from which it started.
.., Bactrim long term. Bactrim duration, [W]e can observe three very different conditions in history: the “normal,” in which the participants’ views and the actual state of affairs tend to converge; and two far-from- equilibrium conditions, comprar en línea Bactrim, comprar Bactrim baratos, Where can i find Bactrim online, one of apparent changelessness, in which thinking and reality are very far apart and show no tendency to converge, is Bactrim safe, Bactrim price, coupon, and one of revolutionary change in which the actual situation is so novel and unexpected and changing so rapidly that the participants’ views cannot keep up with it.
We've been discussing the prospect of stabilizing dynamics by intervening during times of "apparent changelessness" so that we can forestall or mitigate times of "revolutionary change".  Interestingly, there's (perhaps) no way to tell the difference between the quiet, Bactrim samples, Bactrim trusted pharmacy reviews, equilibrium condition and the quiet, far-from-equilibrium condition, get Bactrim, Buy Bactrim no prescription, but empirically it seems that the former ultimately gives way to the latter -- and ultimately to a revolutionary period -- it's just a matter of how long it takes.  As Taleb observes, the longer we go without a black swan event, generic Bactrim, Online buying Bactrim, the more likely its appearance.

Perhaps the difficulty with stabilizing complex adaptive systems has to do with reflexivity.  As soon as we make an explicit policy decision to address a source of instability we know about, buying Bactrim online over the counter, Bactrim no rx, the system believes* that it has become more stable, which blinds it to the inherent inevitable falsehood of that proposition.  Which in turn quickens the instability.   Sort of a probabilistic, low dose Bactrim, Order Bactrim online c.o.d, temporally diffuse liar's paradox.

This would suggest that any intervention which increases the stability/certainty of the system's internal representation of itself -- i.e, Buy Bactrim Without Prescription. the beliefs of the market participants about the market -- actually has the opposite effect as its intent.  Instead, taking Bactrim, Australia, uk, us, usa, it would be a better approach to induce uncertainty whenever the system seems to be settling into a "quiet" period.  This could be accomplished either by gratuitously creating a limited amount of market volatility, or by obfuscating market-related data.  Given the increasing difficulty with the latter due to technology (not to mention the fairness issues it entails), Bactrim blogs, Bactrim steet value, the former seems preferable.  What would this look like?  It could take many forms, including ones that appear in the comments here, Bactrim dangers. Buy cheap Bactrim, Ultimately though, what Soros' arguments suggest to me is that the goal of policy-induced stability is paradoxically better achieved by inducing instability than by attempting to dampen oscillations ala Sumner, online buying Bactrim hcl. Order Bactrim from United States pharmacy, We've used the ecological analogy in the past of a controlled burn policy.  Now a biological analogy comes to mind.  If you want to become really strong and resilient, the best way to work out is to put your body into slightly unfamiliar situations and don't fall into a routine that your body gets used to, Bactrim from canada. Bactrim photos, To expect policy makers to do this willingly with the economic policy seems a bit far fetched.  However, interestingly, cheap Bactrim no rx, Order Bactrim from mexican pharmacy, the historical trajectory of more frequent "revolutionary" periods in the economy may actually have the same effect organically.  That is when individual economic agents (most notably humans) get used to uncertainty being the norm (as opposed to it being a distant or non-existent memory), perhaps the overall economic system will converge to riding that famous "edge of chaos" instead of oscillating in and out of it, where can i buy Bactrim online. Bactrim forum,

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Response to Superorganism as Terminology.

I was actually about to post something about terminology, so I’m glad this came up. It’s just so difficult to choose words to describe concepts that have little precedent, without going to the extreme of overloading on the one end (e.g. “organism”) or the other extreme of being totally meaningless (e.g. “foo”). I have tried to use terms that are the closest in meaning to what I’m after but there’s no avoiding the misinterpretation. I can only hope by defining and redefining to an audience that is not quick to make snap judgments but rather considers the word usage in context, we can converge to at least a common understanding of what I am claiming. From there at least we have a shot at real communication of ideas and hopefully even agreement.

Organisms and Superorganisms

Regarding “organism”, I don’t particularly like it either because it has too narrow (and biological) of a connotation. I prefer agent or

Response to "Superorganism Considered Harmful"

This is a response to Kevin’s post responding to my post.

Rafe makes an analogy to cells within a multicellular organism. How does this support the assertion that there will only be one superorganism and that we will need to subjugate our needs to its own?  Obviously, there are many multicellular organisms. Certainly, there are many single-celled organisms that exist outside of multicelluar control today.  So where is the evidence that there will be only one and that people won’t be able to opt out in a meaningful sense?

There will be only one because of the amount of interconnectedness and interdependency of the constituent agents.  At no time in the history of Earth has the actions of one agent had such immediate and profound impact on others, both in potential terms and in actual terms.

In network theory you can identify subnets within a larger network which are islands: they connect the nodes within the subnet to each other, but are otherwise

Superorganism and Singularity

There is an aspect to The Singularity which is not discussed much, an orthogonal dimension that is already taking shape, and which is perhaps more significant than what is implied by the “standard definition”:

The Singularity represents an “event horizon” in the predictability of human technological development past which present models of the future may cease to give reliable answers, following the creation of strong AI or the enhancement of human intelligence.  (Definition taken from The Singularity Summit website)

It may be hard to imagine anything more significant than humans and technology merging and the end of death as we know it.  But that’s just because we humans are myopic and anthropomorphic.  The definition above focuses on the individual agents at the current level of organization, namely humans and also their technological creations.

Much more significantly though, there is a new agent emerging.  A new level of organization of matter, energy and information above the level of humans

Autocatalytic Systems


The above is a self-replicating dynamic structure from a class of systems called cellular automata (click here to run the simulation).  Below is a self-replicating dynamic structure from a class of systems called “life”:

The following video explores a new type of self-replicating dynamic structure that will emerge in some form or another in the coming years:

What is common to all of these examples is a property called “autocatalysis”.* More accurately, these examples are instances of cross-catalytic systems:

In reality there are only ever cross-catalytic systems (never autocatalytic) since all real systems require input from the outside (energy, information, material resources) and produce output (waste, information, resources that feed into other systems).  For physicists, this is similar to observing that there are no such things as thermodynamically closed systems in nature, and for the mathematically-inclined we can observe that we never find perfect circles in the

Complex Systems Concept Summary

I figured it was time for a reset and so the following is a summary of much of the foundational posting that I’ve done on this blog so far.  As always, a work in progress, subject to refinement and learning…

TED Talk: Susan Blackmore

Memes and “temes”

Apropos of Kevin’s post yesterday on the “Singularity“, we need to be taking more seriously cultural agency (which includes technological and socio-technological agency):


Click here for Discussion Forum

Complex Systems Defend Themselves

I’ve talked on here about the importance of taking seriously the notion of agency as it applies to systems other than biological.  In reading a recent Wired retrospective on what they called wrong, I was struck by feeling that their error was the same in all three cases, and that is underestimating the degree to which complex systems will defend themselves in the face of attack as if they were living, breathing organisms.

Recalling some of the ways systems defend themselves, it is interesting to see how the socio-technical agents discussed in the Wired piece do so:

  • Extreme Ideologies: “Wired failed to see how a new generation of fanatical geeks would use the Internet in their effort to take over the world. Instead of ending, history looped back on itself, and we are now confronted by a recrudescent and particularly virulent religious ideology straight out of the Middle Ages.”
  • Old Media: “…we underestimated how slowly Old Media would auger in

TED Talks: Al Gore

New thinking on climate crisis


Click here for Discussion Forum

Notes from TED

Here are some notes that I took at TED 2008.  I have a bunch more on each of the speakers individually which I may post as time permits.  Let me know if you want me to expand any of the notes below into a full post.


TED sessions have their own explicit themes, but I detected a few implicit themes based on the overlapping content of the talks.

Global Awakening: there is something afoot that is palpable that is more than a political or cultural movement.  Al Gore and Samantha Power talked explicitly about this referencing a “higher consciousness”.  See levels of organization and cultural agency.  Counterpoint theme: The Failure of the System to protect its individual constituents and serve their needs (see Sue Goldie).

Compassion / Cooperation: as juxtaposed to the mindset of the selfish gene, social Darwinism, “nature red in tooth and claw”, Libertarianism, Objectivism, free-market radicalism, etc.  See


I posted earlier on emergent causality. One aspect that needs to be elaborated on is the concurrent, self-interdependent nature of emergence, or in other words the chicken and egg problem.

When agents emerge, the dynamic processes involved in their emergence sharpen simultaneously via a feedback of information from the higher level to the lower.* There is no use in asking which happened first – dynamics at level 1 or emergence of level 2 – for they are dualisms, each reinforcing the other until at some point we recognize that something happened. This runs counter to the Western understanding of causality, which requires that we fix one or the other as the cause so that we might see how the effect came into being. But this fixture destroys comprehensibility just as a holding onto a ball in the middle of a juggling act causes the whole procession to come crashing down.

Let’s look for a moment at the emergence of a particular social agent,

Three Kinds of Cooperation

Ecologists speak about two types of cooperation — mutualism and commensalism — which distinguish whether both or just one of a pair is benefiting. I’d like to look at a different dimension of cooperation that has to do with communication. There are at least three different types of cooperation along this dimension, though perhaps you can distinguish more (if so, please post a comment!)

Explicit Cooperation

This is normally what we think of when we talk about cooperation: two (or more) agents using explicit communication to coordinate their behaviors. Examples are trivial to come by when thinking of human agents or computer technology. In non-human ecosystems, we see explicit cooperation too. Communication is achieved via basic tagging mechanisms such as pheromones, or more complex linguistic processes such as the famous bee dance.

Implicit Cooperation

Sometimes agents end up cooperating “by accident”. Meaning that their actions are determined individually without any explicit communication. But because of the particular state of the

Genotype, Phenotype, Schmenotype

The distinction between “genotype” and “phenotype” is an artificial one that obfuscates understanding past a certain point. As Dawkins points out in his selfish gene argument, from the standpoint of the gene, the gene is the phenotype and the organism is the genotype. This is not to say that we should go overboard and anoint the gene as supreme. “Genotype” and “phenotype” are concepts. From a complex system’s standpoint, they are two frozen snapshots (stages) in an ongoing autocatalytic cycle. Other stages between could be singled out and studied (e.g. ontogenesis), but we are not good at conceptualizing dynamic processes and prefer to look at relatively stable forms. We forget that these stable forms are a part of the autocatalytic process, which is ongoing.

Dawkins make a great case for looking at genes as agents undergoing evolution by natural selection (NS). But this does not mean that the “phenotypic” agents are not also doing the same. In multicellular organisms, there is not just one phenotype,

The Logical Necessity of Group Selection

There has been a long-standing debate about the notion of group selection, the idea that populations of organisms can be selected for en masse over competing populations.  The Darwinian “purists” claim that natural selection (NS) only acts at the level of individuals.  But if that’s true, then how can multicellular organisms be subject to NS?  After all what are multicellular organisms if not a group of single cell organisms?

Part of the reason it is hard to see this basic truth is that we don’t accept that there is a continuum of behaviors between groups of agents which ranges from highly competitive on one end to highly cooperation on the other.  When agents cooperate enough, we recognize a new level of agency (e.g. metazoa).  But one of the thrusts of this blog is to look at group dynamics not as an all or none proposition.  By admitting to this continuum, it becomes clearer how a loose ecology of independent agents, taken together with